How to say: first ,second and third person in Hebrew

And today some grammatical terms.

Just in case, you will decide to open a study book or actually come to my class.

*גוף ראשון – First person

A ‘first person’ as a grammatical term refers to the one who speaks. Which can be: me or us (in Hebrew: אני,אנחנו)    It doesn’t matter if it’s in singular or in the plural.

*גוף שני – Second person                                                                                                                                                                 

A ‘second person’ as a grammatical term refers to the one who is present, the one that has been spoken to. Which  is/are –  you!                                                                                                                                                                                   (please note, that in Hebrew there is a different word for the masculine, the feminine, and the plural form  of the word: you  (you = אתה,את,אתם,אתן)

*גוף שלישי – Third person

A ‘third person’ as a grammatical term refers to the one who is not present in the conversation. basically every one or everything who is not me or you.  He, she, they,    (הוא,היא,הם,הן)

note that, in Hebrew, all nouns have a gender so when refers to them we use the third person as well. For example:

For example: when referring to let’s say to a broken computer we will say in English “it is broken”. But in Hebrew, we will say “הוא שבור”. Substituting the computer with the word– “הוא” = he — instead of using the word “it”

** pay attention: the word ”גוף” in Hebrew means ‘body’ for all purposes except in grammar.

פועל – verb
שם הפועל – infinitive
שורש – root
זמן עבר – past tense
הווה – present tense
זמן עתיד – future tense
Past* – עבר
Present* – הווה
Future* – עתיד

Pay attention: the word ‘זמן’ in Hebrew means ‘time’ and has nothing to do with the word ‘tense’

זכר – masculine form
נקבה – feminine form
יחיד – singular form
רבים – plural form

Pay attention: the words ‘ ‘זכר& נקבה are also used to say male and female. And note that the word ‘יחיד’ has a root connection to the word ‘אחד’. Which means ‘one’. and the word ‘רבים’ which has a root connection to ‘הרבה’. Which means ‘many’ or ‘a lot’

 

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