In this post, you will learn about question words in the Hebrew language.
But I bet you wonder what a picture of a Lama has to do with it.
So, why a Lama?
Becuase in Hebrew the sound of the word lama in English sound precisely the same as the word for “why” in Hebrew.
WHY — למה
Easy to remember, a former student of mine even told me that when she was little she learned from a study book with a nagging Lama that would ask questions.
O.K, now here are a few tricks to remember the rest.
in journalism the is something that is called the “5 W“. Those are five question that needs to be answered in any journalist report. in Hebrew, it called the “5- מ“.
What – מה
Who – מי
When – מתי
Why – מדוע
Where – איפה (in Hebrew to keep the flow of the “מ” we use the word “place” – “מקום” instead of the word “where”.but this a Hebrew lesson, so just look at the last one which is “איפה” as an exception.)
You must notice that the word “why” got a new word which is “מדוע” which means exactly the same as “למה”.
The word “למה” is more common in Hebrew. but you can use “מדוע” instead, and for purposes of emphasis we can use both one after the other – ?מדוע ולמה or ?למה ומדוע.
pay attention, to do that you need to put the letter “ו” on the second word.
So, the most common question words in Hebrew start with the letter “מ”.
Today I am going to kill two birds with one stone.
In this article you will learn: The days of the week in Hebrew. And as well, how to say in Hebrew: First, Second, Third…
Spoiler Alert: Up until Saturday it’s the same for both
Let’s talk about the days of the week. Let’s start with Sunday.
Sunday in Hebrew is -יום ראשון In Hebrew יום׳’ means ‘day’. For example ‘׳היום means ‘today’ In English Sunday is the last day of the week. (yes I know, formally it is the beginning as well, but I believe in Garfield, not in formality)
In Hebrew it starts the week, therefore it’s The first day. and in Hebrew ראשון is first. it derives (share the same root, I will talk about the root system in Hebrew in a later post) from the word ראש׳’ (head) Which is the first thing that pops out at birth (The baby’s head) So – יום ראשון – in which we encounter (head) first literally means the first day (of the week)
Monday is יום שני יום-day שני -second. The word שני in Hebrew literally means second. It’s derived from the Hebrew word for number two which is ‘שניים או שתיים’
Tuesday is -יום שלישי יום- day שלישי-third Which derives from the number three שלוש׳’.
Wednesday is יום רביעי׳’ יום- day רביעי- fourth Which comes from ‘ארבע’ Which is the Hebrew word for number four.
Thursday- יום חמישי יום- day חמישי- fifth Which (yes, you guess it right) comes from the word for number five which is ‘חמש’
Friday is -יום שישי יום-day שישי- sixth. Comes from the word for the number six which is ‘שש’
Up until now, the names of “the days of the week” are in perfect correlation with the way we say in Hebrew: first – ראשון, second – שני, …
But as you all know Saturday is a special day which functions as an exception in this case.
Saturday- יום שבת
The word – שבת
Which comes from the root – ש.ב.ת – signifies the action that came in to a halt, an action that have been seized, stopped…
Maybe you remember, from the Bible, that on the seven-day God stopped from all acts of creation and rested. By the way, the word for strike in Hebrew is “שביתה”
So the word Saturday – שבת- has a root connection to a word that means: to stop a regular action that you do for a while or longer (like your job) which in turn take us to the word strike (Hebrew is poetically beautifull. right:)
But what about the word for number seven?
Well .. In Hebrew, the word for seven is: ‘שבע’ . Which mark’s the word for ‘a week’ -שבוע- . Because it has seven days in it.
So ,for conclusion, We learned the days of the week.
We learned that except the first and the last day of the week there is a strong root connection between the numbers and the days.
And we also learned to say the first the second…up to sixth.
The word – יום
in Hebrew is in masculine form. For feminine nouns we say the words: ‘first‘ – ראשונה , ‘second‘ – שנייה….
this is not only a simple lesson about the Hebrew alphabet.
It also contains tips and tricks and some advice about the “do’s and don’ts” for someone who is about to learn the Hebrew language.
here is a brief summary of some tips about the alphabet that you can find in the video above.
the letters – ב,כ,פ- can have 2 different sounds in Hebrew. For example, the letter – ב – can sound like B or V.
How can you recognize which one is it when you read Hebrew?
well if the letter – ב – start a Hebrew word it will always be a- B – sound.
In Hebrew, we also have “END LETTERS” which are 5 letters in The alphabet that are written differently when appears at the end of a word. This is for an aesthetical reason only. they sound the same, function the same, and the only change is that when they appear in the end the word in Hebrew they are written differently.
here are the all “END LETTERS”
The letter – כ – can be found at the end of Hebrew word in this form – ך –
The letter – מ – can be found at the end of Hebrew word in this form – ם –
The letter – נ – can be found at the end of Hebrew word in this form – ן –
The letter – פ – can be found at the end of Hebrew word in this form – ף –
The letter – צ – can be found at the end of Hebrew word in this form – ץ-
if you want to learn more.
see the video!
register to our site to get a free online worksheet that will help you to learn the Hebrew Alphabet press this link